Panchakarma

panchakarma


Panchakarma

Panchakarma, which includes five major procedures, is meant to purify the whole body by eliminating the accumulated toxins from it. This package includes treatments like Vamana (Emesis), Virechana (Purgation), Basti (Medicated Enema), Nasya (Nasal Administration) & Rakta Mokshan (Blood letting). The specialty of this treatment is that it can be administered both in a healthy, as well as the diseased person. When a healthy person subjects himself to Panchakarma, it has a preventive, restorative and rejuvenative effect on the body.

In the beginning of the therapy, the body is prepared for the actual process of elimination. This is done by the following processes:

Panchakarma - The Ayurvedic Detox

Toxins from chemicals in our food, pollution in the environment, drinking, smoking, stress, chemical medication, etc. all accumulate in our body over a period of time. These toxins are the cause of myriad diseases and health and emotional problems. Western medicine has had no success in removing these toxins safely and effectively from our body. In Ayurveda detoxification and rejuvenation is achieved with 'Panchakarma', which removes deep-seated toxins naturally without any negative side effects.

The scientific proof

It has now been scientifically proven that a natural purification treatment can successfully eliminate environmentally toxic substances such as polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB's) and pesticides from the body, without any negative side effects. A study at the Institute of Science, Technology and Public Policy at Maharishi University of Management in Fairfield, Iowa in collaboration with a special laboratory at Colorado University demonstrated that classical Panchakarma treatment eliminated up to 50% of the detectable toxins in the blood.

Pancha Karma includes three parts namely:
1. Poorva Karma (Preparatory Methods) :
  • Deepana and Pachana (Digestion):

    The purpose of these treatments is to keep the digestive fire at its best, by means of oral medication

  • Snehana (Internal and External oleation):

    This includes snehan that can be done both internally (Medicated ghees or oils are administered orally for the purpose of Internal Oleation (Snehapana) as well as externally (synchronized massage).

  • Swedana (Fomentation/sudation):

    Swedan (Sudation) like Bashpa-swed, Nadi-swed, Pind- swed etc,

  • Oleation and Sudation are the most important preparatory measures to have Panchakarma (purification therapies Both these methods lubricate the body channels and loosen the toxins accumulated in the body

2. Pradhan Karma (Main methods):

In the Eliminative Phase, the physician, based upon the condition of the patient's disease, decides the type of the Panchakarma treatment. It includes 5 main types of panchakarma i.e. 5 types of purification procedure, which are: Vaman, Virechan, Nasya, Raktamokshan & Basti.

3. Paschat Karma (Post-Therapeutic Measures):

This includes Sansarjan Krama (Specific diet), Dhumapana (nasal smoking of medicinal cigars) and some rules to follow specific activities.


Rakta Mokshan (Blood Letting)

Rakta mokshana is letting the vitiated blood out of the body. It is done locally at the site of disease e.g. skin eruptions etc or wholly by dissecting a vein local raktamokshana is generally done by leeches. Rakta mokshana is very useful in skin, hair, muscular tissue in involvements inflammatory conditions. Systemic Rakta mokshan helps in high blood pressure.

Indications of Rakta mokshana
Eczema, Dermatitis, Ulcer, Abscess, Cysts, Polyps Hypertension, Skin diseases all over , psoriasis, herper zoster Filariasis
Piles, muscular growths over body Eye diseases, diseases of mouth Teeth ache, infection
Alopecia [HAIR LOSS IN PATCHES], scalp infections, scabies, ring worm Seizures, migraine. Sexually transmited diseases

These procedures help us in maintaining our health genuinly. each one is indicated in different seasons along the year,even for healthy people Thats your servicing [of your bodyl this is a part of preventive medicine in Ayurveda.

Vamana (Induced Vomiting)

It relieves kapha and pitta dosha from upper part of the body throught the rout of mouth (Vomiting). It is indicated in diseases like

Cold Urticaria
Chronic cold Infertility
Rhinitis, Sinusitis Menstrual Disorders
Hyper acidity Psychological Disorders
Bronchial asthma Anemia
Skin disorders Gastric Disorders
Ulcerative colitis

Virechana

Virechana helps in eliminating of pitta dosha by downward movement(Purgative). Virechana stabilizes pitta dosha and metabolic disorders in our body. Doshas exit through the intestines and anal rout after the taken drug gets digested.

Virechana is indicated in various skin diseases, metabolic disturbances, bleeding disorders, piles, fistula, worm infestations, headache[migraine], anemia, jaundice, asthma-bronchial diseases.

Skin diseases Vitiligo Bacterial and fungal infections Tumors
Eczema Alopecia STDs Heart disease
Psoriasis Herpes zoster Bronchial asthma Liver and Spleen related Diseases, gallstones
Brown/black/white spots on face/freckles Scabies Eye diseases/ophthalmic conditions Allergic conditions
Ulcerations in the body Piles Fistula Mouth ulcers,hyper acidity

Nasya

Nasya is administration of medicine= decoction, oil, powder, ghee, etc. through nose.

The head, face, shoulders and chest are massaged with a specific herbal oil and made to perspire. The medicine in exact dose is poured into the nostrils while inhaling. After this, the nose area, chest, palms and foot are massaged vigorously. This treatment is highly effective against headaches, sinusitis, migraine and rhinitis.

It gives instantaneous relief and is highly effective as it acts through the nasal mucosa which has connections with all internal lining of the organs. Nasya is indicated in

Bleeding nose, bleeding disorders in upper part of the body. Asthma, cough Nasya in little quantity is advised daily for sense organ and brain function
headache, migraine Sinusitis, rhinitis, ear ache/otitis Hair Fall, Premature graying of hair.
Insanity, seizures Aphrodisiac - Nasya is very deep in action, it nourishes the reproductive organs. Hiccups

Basti


It is of 2 types-

  1. Anuvasana (Medicated oil enema)
  2. Asthapana (Medicated decoction enema)

Basti is the simplest of all karmas but highly effective in lower part of the body. It is administered in 3 routes -

  • Anal root
  • Urethral root
  • Vaginal root

It is said that the medicines given through anal root are absorbed very quickly in to the body streams. Basti acts on the Vata Dosha and stabilizes it. Basti is of many functional types - cleansing, soothing, nutritive, lubricating, strengthening, anti-aging, scraping/reducing, immunity enhancing basti, aphrodisiac basti. etc.

Basti is indicated in

Pains - pulling, cutting, biting type of pains in the body. Joint disorders - Spine diseases, Gout, Rheumatic / Rheumatoid arthritis. Neurological disorders - paralysis, numbness, tingling, burning, sensations in hands, legs Gynecological disorders - Infertility, Menstrual Problems, Tendency of abortions
Abdominal pain, Heaviness & tightness in the stomach Constipation, Fistula, Piles, Fissure. Worm infestations Oligospermia, Azoospermia. Disease related to sex, premature Ejaculation, Erectile Dysfunction, Infection in semen.
Degeneration of tissues due to disease or age. Renal stones. Insomnia, Convulsions / seizures Stiffness, wasting, weakness in muscles.

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