Kidney Failure  

It is not a death alarm ; it is treatable now .

   The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs. In an adult, these are each about the size of a fist. Each is about 12 centimeters (4 inches) long. The kidneys are located on either side of the backbone

            

Kidney functions

  • Removing wastes and water from the blood
  • Balancing chemicals in your body
  • Releasing hormones
  • Helping control blood pressure
  • Helping to produce red blood cells
  • Producing  vitamin D, which keeps the bones strong and healthy

Acute kidney failure

Acute kidney failure occurs when the kidneys suddenly stop working.Often this condition is temporary. The cause may be disease, serious injury, poisons or chemicals in the system.  In some cases acute kidney failure may progress to chronic kidney failure .

Chronic kidney failure

     Chronic kidney failure occurs when the kidneys gradually lose their  functions,which is measured as the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) –falls below 30 milliliters per minute(< 30 mL/min).This is approximately 30% of the normal value.When the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) slows to below 30mL/min , signs of uremia (high blood level of protein by product , such as urea & creatinine) may become noticeable .

      The causes of chronic kidney failure are not always known, but conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure clearly increase the risks of kidney failure. Kidney Failure, also known as Renal Failure, End Stage Kidney Disease

    CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE is diagnosed by the observation of a combination of symptoms and elevated blood urea (BUL) and Sr.creatinine (Sr.Cr) levels.

These abnormalities may signal CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE as follows:

Anemia (low red blood cell count),High level of parathyroid hormone ,Hypocalcaemia (low blood level of calcium),Hyperphosphatemia (high blood level of phosphate),Hyperkalemia (high blood level of potassium) Hyponatremia (low blood level of sodium),Low blood level of bicarbonate, Low plasma pH (blood acidity) Low serum proteins, Presence of Proteins in Urine).

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