Spine Care  

Spinal Anatomy

        Back and neck Pain is the price human beings pay for poor posture, prolonged sitting, repeated bending, and other stresses placed on the lower back and neck.

        Disks are soft, rubbery pads, which act as shock absorbers between the hard bones (vertebrae) of the spinal column. The disks between the vertebrae allow the back to flex or bend. Disks in the lumbar spine (low back) are composed of a thick outer ring of cartilage (annulus) and an inner gel-like substance (nucleus). In the cervical spine (neck), the disks are similar but smaller in size.

       The annulus can become stressed and with time,small tears can form in the annulus.This outer ring normally keeps the soft, gel-like center of the disc contained.The gel center, known as the nucleus, can be ejected from the disc through an annular tear. This is called a disc herniation. Protrusion of the nucleus posteriorly causes pressure over the nerve roots, spinal cord & other internal contents, which is responsible for pain in the limbs, motor & sensory deficit.

       Millions of nerve fibres leave the spinal cord and branch outward to other parts of of the body such as muscles and skin.
       Pressure on a nerve can be extremely painful, and because these nerves pass through to other parts of the body, pain, tingling or numbness can be felt in other parts of the body which is also termed as Referred Pain.

        A strained nerve by a herniated disc or bone spurs due to a spinal arthritis reduce or blocks the flow inside causing the nerve start to lose its healthy ability to transmit electrical charges and the nerve fiber may die. When more fibers stop working, a muscle may not contract and skin may feel numb. Movements may result in low back pain and also feel like the pain is coming from the buttocks area and even down into the upper region of the thigh.
        Sometimes, nerves can be strained and the only symptoms may be numbness and weakness in the arm or leg without pain. Other symptoms include tingling, burning, electric, and a hot/cold sensation.

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